Can Ducks Eat Broccoli? 7 Benefits | Full Guide

Can ducks eat broccoli

Broccoli contains many essential vitamins and minerals for the growth and development of humans and animals. Most of you might not like the taste of broccoli, but this is not the case with animals. Here we will specifically talk about ducks

Can ducks eat broccoli? Well, yes, ducks can and love to eat broccoli. It is a low-fat food with low calories, implying that eating them won’t make your ducks gain extra weight. But remember not to feed them much as it takes up a lot of space in their stomach. Besides this, broccoli has numerous other advantages in your daily duck diet. So dive in to learn the benefits of feeding your pet duck with broccoli. 

Can Ducks Eat Broccoli?

Ducks can eat broccoli as it is an excellent source of nutrients for ducks, and it has nutrients associated with many health benefits for ducks. 

Broccoli is a member of the cruciferous vegetable family and looks like the smaller version of a tree. There are also other varieties of this vegetable: Calabrese Broccoli, Sprouting Broccoli, and Purple Cauliflower. Moreover ducks love all kinds of squash.

These vegetables are rich in minerals, vitamins, bioactive compounds, and antioxidants making broccoli a nutrient-dense vegetable with a lot to offer.

You can feed your duck with every part of broccoli, including the stalks, florets, and leaves. They can even eat raw and cooked broccoli, which does not bother them much. However, raw broccoli has more nutrition than cooked ones. 

How Often Can Ducks Eat Broccoli?

You can feed your duck 100 grams of broccoli, which amounts to 40 calories daily. Ducks need specific calories, vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients. 

It can be hard to ensure your ducks obtain everything they require, and the best thing you can do is to keep in mind to feed your duck a mixed diet with foods from numerous sources. For example, since broccoli is an inexpensive vegetable with low calories but has many nutrients, one can provide their duck with broccoli daily. 

Moreover, how much broccoli you should feed your duck can’t be confirmed. The significant thing is to ensure the ducks obtain all mandatory nutrients and calories for the day. Therefore, you should provide your duck with as much broccoli as required in your duck’s diet. Besides broccoli, some of the vegetables loved by ducks are peas, cucumbers, kale, and zucchini.

7 Benefits of Broccoli for Ducks 

Broccoli is abundant in both water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. It also has a ton of minerals.

Vitamin A is Important for Vision

You must have seen any bird with skin and feather issues. It happens because of vitamin A deficiency. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble component found in most foods, which is significant for the immune system, vision, and reproduction.

If your ducks are eating a lot of greens already, the ducks may not require broccolis to achieve the Vitamin A needed. Nonetheless, feeding broccoli would be a healthy choice if this is not occurring for any reason.

Vitamin C is Essential for Body Tissues

Vitamin C is crucial in the body to develop and repair body tissues. It enables reducing the risk of cardiovascular infections and also deters iron deficiency.

Vitamin D Aids in Growth and Development 

Be careful while creating the diet chart of your duck. It can’t be a nutritionally balanced diet if it does not include vitamin D. Vitamin D is necessary for the duck’s health, growth, and wellness. 

Vitamin E Promotes Adequate Functioning

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble component that acts as an antioxidant and protects cells from damage resulting from free radicals. The ducks need vitamin E for the adequate functioning of various vital purposes. 

It also helps retain the nervous system, tissue integrity, and reproduction. It is also crucial for growth and improved disease resistance. 

Vitamin K Enhances Bone Development 

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin, and a deficiency can result in bleeding and also curtail bone strength. This feeding your duck with broccoli can enhance bone development.

Iron Helps in Blood Production 

Iron is essential for blood in the duck’s body. Most iron is stocked in the red blood cells, which contain hemoglobin that transfers oxygen from the lungs to several body parts.

Sufficient Minerals Maintain Health Quality

  • Phosphorus plays a crucial role in developing and maintaining meat duck breeds. Nonetheless, it is not unnecessary for other species at all. Deficiencies of calcium and phosphorus are common in ducks. So you should include broccoli in your duck’s diet. The broccoli contains a noticeable quantity of phosphorus that provides these aquatic birds an uplift. 
  • Magnesium aids muscle and nerve processes and energy production. Magnesium also assists with sleep.
  • Potassium assists nerves in function and muscles contract. It also regulates sodium’s harmful consequences on blood pressure.
  • Manganese deficiency may indicate in the form of bad bone development and skeletal defects. The duck may also grow slower than required. It may also lessen fertility. Broccoli includes manganese which prevents all these deficiencies.
  • Copper facilitates the body to form new red blood cells. It also enables nerve and immune processes.
  • Sodium is found in and is utilized in the body to regulate blood volume and blood pressure. Sodium works both as a mineral and an electrolyte. 
  • Zinc is essential for all kinds of birds in average percentage. The abundance of it can harm the bird. A moderate amount of zinc is important for the bird’s health. Broccoli contains a good portion of zinc; however, feeding a handful of broccoli wouldn’t harm your duck. 

3 Risks of Feeding Broccoli to Ducks 

Broccoli could prove helpful in your duck’s health. But overconsumption can lead to health hazards as well. The risks of overfeeding broccoli can be:

Goitrogens – Risk of Goiter

Goitrogens are naturally occurring chemicals generally found in plant-based diets and can deter the smooth functioning of your duck’s thyroid gland. They can impede its iodine intake, accelerating the release of TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormones). The TSH leads to the development of thyroid tissues, eventually causing Goiter in them.

Some of the fundamental symptoms of Goiter in ducks are as follows:

  • Lethargy
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Crop distention
  • Difficulty in swallowing food

Since broccoli includes goitrogens, if you overfeed your ducks, there is a risk of Goiter.

Oxalic Acid Prevents Calcium Absorption 

Broccoli is also abundant in oxalic acid. Oxalic acid is an antinutrient because of its capacity to bind with minerals, especially calcium, deterring its absorption. While a reasonable amount of oxalic acid is harmless for ducks, if it is placed in their body, it will cause calcium deficiency. Symptoms that you can notice during calcium deficiency might be:

  • Substantial reduction in growth
  • Ruffled feathers
  • Lameness
  • Constant stiffness in legs
  • A rubbery texture of the leg bones
  • Enlarged joints

Purine is Harmful to the Kidneys

Broccoli includes a chemical component named purine. The duck’s digest purine transforms into uric acid, a waste product their kidneys require to filter out of their body. Therefore, if they are consuming purine-rich foods, it will put excessive stress on their kidneys and even occur in kidney failure.

How to Prepare Broccoli for Your Ducks?

Broccoli can be fed both raw and cooked. But how to prepare them keeping in mind your duck’s health and safety are as follows:

Prefer as a Treat, Not as a Meal

You can feed your duck with broccoli as a treat and not a meal. You have to ensure that overfeeding your duck can result in health hazards. So feeling broccoli in moderation is essential. Specifically, feeding a handful of broccoli once a week would be safe. 

Opt for Fresh Broccolis

You have to keep in mind that broccoli should be fresh. Then wash the broccoli thoroughly. It is because vegetables are sprayed with toxic pesticides to increase production, which can damage your duck’s health. So it becomes essential to give it a good wash. 

Chop Into Small Pieces

Just as with any other vegetable, make sure that before feeding, chop the broccoli nicely. You should chop it into small pieces because the chopped pieces make swallowing easier for ducks and prevent a choking hazard. After washing and chopping, you must decide whether to feed your duck raw or cooked broccoli. Well, it depends on your duck’s taste buds. But raw broccoli is preferred because cooked broccoli might lose some nutrients after cooking. 


By this time, you might have the answer to the question; can ducks eat broccoli. broccoli is an excellent source of nutrients, and it includes many minerals and vitamins like vitamins C, K, iron, and calcium. Depending on its growth phase, you can feed your duck with raw and cooked broccoli. While these are some decent choices, feeding your ducks raw broccoli may be favorable. The reason being is that raw broccoli comprises more nutrients than cooked ones. One more thing to keep in mind while feeding your duck broccoli is to cut it into smaller pieces. In this way, it becomes simple for them to swallow it.


Can ducklings eat broccoli?

Yes, ducklings can eat broccoli, and it would be great if you fed your ducklings the decided diet. Nonetheless, you can include the ten percent calories from sources like broccoli other than their diet. 

Do ducks like broccoli?

Yes, ducks like broccoli a lot, mainly when the broccoli is in water at the time when you feed them.

Can ducks eat broccoli stalks?

Ducks can undoubtedly eat the stalks of broccoli, and you must throw away the stalk, but you can include the stalk as it is full of vital nutrients.

Can ducks eat raw broccoli?

You can feed your ducks raw broccoli as raw broccoli certainly has more minerals and vitamins than cooked.

Can ducks eat cooked broccoli?

Yes, you can feed your duck with cooked broccoli. If you have cooked broccoli leftovers, you can feed them to your ducks without thinking twice.

Is raw broccoli better than cooked ducks?

Yes, raw broccoli is better than cooked because raw broccoli has more nutrients than cooked ones. But it needs to be chopped up more than cooked ones.

Can ducks eat broccoli leaves?

Both humans and ducks can eat broccoli leaves as they contain valuable vitamins and minerals such as Vitamin C, K, fiber, potassium, and iron, making them nutritious for ducks.

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Dedicated to the understanding and appreciation of the natural world, Andrew Daniel brings content for birds that are authentic and researched through reputable sources. Andrew Daniel combines all his experience, knowledge, and passion for updating the audience regarding the different habits of birds.